urban sprawl

Design to build upon rural identities in urban planning

The increasing urban sprawl (the rapid expansion of the geographic extent of cities and towns) in Europe is causing land-use conflicts. Nearly 73% of the European population lives in cities, and this proportion is estimated to reach 82% by 2050. As a consequence, rural municipalities tend to be engulfed by growing metropoles, at the cost of the typical rural character and the social identity of the local rural communities.

Metropolitan Accessibility Indicator - exploring potential markets

The indicator map shows for each point the travel-time from every position to a defined point in the city. This indicator can be used as proxy for market potential when it is accompanied by the total number of persons that can be reached from the defined point within a given amount of time. Typically, the indicator is calculated from i) the road network, railway network, waterway network and their capacity, ii) topography (terrain roughness), iii) land cover and iv) barriers, such as rivers. Travel speed can be adjusted using specific expert knowledge rules (e.g.